Toe Pain Treatment Options
Treating Toe Pain in All Its Forms: Corns, Calluses, Bunions & Hammertoes
Learn to identify the source of pain in your toes and what you can do about it!
Self-diagnosing pain in your toes can be a headache. Oftentimes the initial source of severe pain in your foot is hidden by the effect of the actual problem. Frequent bunions could be caused by other problems in your feet, such as corns, calluses or hammertoes.
You may be able to resolve the pain on your own with some basic remedies, orthotics or other treatment options, but if the pain is severe, you may need professional help.
That's where we step in. Contact Milwaukee's best podiatrists at Advanced Foot and Ankle of Wisconsin, LLC and get an expert diagnosis. We'll have you up and on your feet in no time.
Hammertoe is a deformity of the lesser toes. In this condition, the toe is bent at the middle joint, causing it to resemble a hammer. Left untreated, hammertoes can become inflexible and require surgery. People with hammertoes may have corns or calluses on the top or tip of the toe. They may also feel pain in their toes or feet and have difficulty finding comfortable shoes. Seek treatment right away if you have difficulty walking because of pain.
Risk Factors and Causes
The risk of developing hammertoe increases with age. A second risk factor is toe length. If you second toe is longer than your big toe, you are at a higher risk for hammertoe because of the difficulty of finding properly fitting shoes for your foot type.
Other causes include:
- Muscle imbalance
- High-heeled shoes or tight footwear in the toe box can crowd your toes into a space that's not large enough for them to lie flat.
- Injuries in which you stub, jam, or break a toe.
- Nerve injuries or disorders.
Treatment typically involves wearing shoes with soft, roomy toe boxes and toe exercises to stretch and strengthen the muscles. Commercially available straps, cushions, or non-medicated corn pads may also relieve symptoms.
In severe cases, hammertoe surgery may be recommended to correct the deformity.
A bunion is a bone deformity caused by lateral deviation of the toe. The migration outward of a bone called the 1st metatarsal causes a misalignment of the toe and results in an unsightly and painful bump.
As the toe moves outward, the medial aspect of the foot, or the "bump," causes friction and pressure as it rubs against footwear. Over time, the movement of the big toe angles in toward the other toes and will sometimes overlap the second toe. This will cause more irritation and can also lead to other toe deformities, such as hammertoe. Find out more about bunions
Corns, often confused with calluses, are thick layers of dead skin cells on your toes that feel bumpy and rough. Calluses are usually a little bigger, while corns are a bit more distinct with a recognizable small, round shape.
Corns can be pesky, but you can alleviate the pain and drive them off with some simple treatments and methods of prevention. Most treatment options for corns are available over the counter. However, if you aren't sure of what's plaguing your toe pain, Advanced Foot & Ankle of Wisconsin is just one phone call away. Find out more about corns