Treatment for Foot and Ankle Injuries
Rehabilitation, Recovery and Renewal
Milwaukee's premier foot doctors at Advanced Foot & Ankle diagnose and treat foot and ankle injuries, whether it requires basic home remedies or surgical solutions. We're staffed to handle every level of injury, from little tweaks to debilitating breaks. If you've got ankle pain, and suspect you've got a sprain or strain that needs attention from a caring professional, we're just who you're looking for.
Common Foot and Ankle Injuries
- Broken Ankle
- Shin Splints
- Sports Injuries
- Driving Injuries
There are two types of foot fractures: stress fractures and general bone fractures.
Stress fractures usually occur in the bones of the forefoot extending from the toes to the middle of the foot. Stress fractures are like tiny cracks in the bone surface. They can happen with sudden increases in exercise, improper training techniques, or surface changes.
Most other types of fractures extend through the bone. They may be stable or displaced. Stable means there is no shift in bone alignment and displaced means the bone ends no longer line up properly. Bone fractures are usually the result of trauma or a twisting injury. If the fractured bone does not break through the skin, it is called a closed fracture. If the fracture does break through the skin, it is called an open fracture. Because of the complex structures in the foot, there are some other, more specific types of fractures that can occur. Talk to your doctor for more information.
Symptoms of a Fracture
Seek medical attention immediately for a suspected foot fracture.
Ankle and Toe Sprains
Ankle sprains are caused by an unnatural twisting or force on the ankle bones of the foot, which may result in excessive stretching or tearing of one or more ligaments on the outside of the ankle. The severity of the sprain can impact the degree of damage as well as the type and duration of treatment. If not properly treated, ankle sprains may develop into long-term problems.
A common source of chronic toe pain is a toe sprain. They aren't as common as ankle sprains, but are a real possibility, especially for athletes or people with physically demanding jobs.
- Rest and elevation
- Applying ice
- Immobilization and support
- Surgery to repair damaged ligaments
Maintain strength, balance, and flexibility in the foot and ankle through exercising, proper stretching before and after exercise, and well-fitted shoes. If you have pain and stiffness in your big toe joint, it could be arthritis (hallux rigidus). People with toe injuries are more likely to develop hallux rigidus later on.
A broken ankle can involve one or more of the three ankle bones as well as injury to the surrounding connecting tissues or ligaments.
- A slip or fall
- Automobile accident
- Sports-related trauma
- Immediate and severe pain
- Inability to put any weight on the injured foot
- Tenderness to the touch
- Leg cast or brace
If the ligaments are also torn or if the fracture created a loose fragment of bone that could irritate the joint, surgery may be required to secure the bones so they will heal properly.
Osteochondritis is a lesion that usually causes pain and stiffness of the ankle joint and affects all age groups. Osteochondritis is caused by a twisting-type injury to the ankle. Symptoms include swelling and ankle pain.
In severe cases surgery may be prescribed. The surgery will remove the loose fragments of cartilage and bone from the ankle joint. In some cases, small drill holes are made to stimulate new blood vessels and help form scar tissue to fill the lesion.
Shin splints refer to pain on either side of the leg bone that is caused by muscle or tendon inflammation.
- Collapsing arch
- Muscle imbalance
Proper stretching before and after exercise and sports, corrective shoes, or orthotics (corrective shoe inserts) can help prevent shin splints.
Many sports are hard on the feet because of quick repetitive movements, constricting footwear, and/or increased exposure to injury or trauma.
Common Sports Injuries
- Plantar Fasciitis
- Achilles tendonitis
- Ankle sprains
- Impact injuries
Stretching is recommended to help prevent injury: specifically, a minimum of 15 minutes of stretching before performing any kicking or punching. Activities such as football, baseball, basketball, soccer, field hockey, and lacrosse often lead to ankle injuries as a result of play on artificial surfaces, improper footwear, and/or inadequate stretching. Athletes are also more likely to develop Freiberg's disease from repetitive stress and pressure on the feet and toes.